The term 'grace' is used in classical Christian theology for the outworking of God's loving regard towards humankind. In the West, both in medieval times and later, it was often regarded as referring more to a 'substance' than, as in the Bible, to a living relationship. John Wesley laid particular emphasis on prevenient (or 'preventing') grace, active even before a person could apprehend his need of it. This grace - and here Wesley was in strong disagreement with Calvinism - was at work in everyone, awakening them to their sinful condition and need of salvation, and then enabling them to respond in faith to the Gospel. Wesley also emphasized the importance of the means of grace in the lives of justified believers 'pressing on to full salvation'. Recent Wesleyan theology has emphasized 'responsible grace', i.e. the extent to which the grace of God necessarily evokes and requires a human response.