UMFC minister and missionary, born in Manchester. He was a member of Edmund Butterworth's Bible class and in 1869 followed his teacher to Ribe, East Africa (Kenya). Invalided home after only two years, he travelled mostly in northern circuits until his retirement in 1912. He wrote many books for young people, mostly on missionary topics; many based on his own experiences, though some were stories of English village life. These included: Camping Out, or Stories of Peril and Adventure in East Africa (c. 1887), Safo, or Femail Life in Eastern Africa (by 1892) and Woodleigh: a Village Chronicle (c. 1892). He retired to Bradford in 1912 and died on 12 September 1934.