Gambling is defined by the Conference as those practices whose characteristic features are a determination of the possession of money or value by the appeal to chance; the gains of the winners being made at the expense of the losers; and the gain secured without the return of an equivalent of the gain obtained. The Conference condemns gambling on account of its anti-social effects and addictive qualities, and because it debases sport. It is judged to be alien to the Christian understanding of divine Providence. The Church has often addressed the Government on its responsibilities for controlling a dangerous practice. Among the reports to Conference is one on 'Gambling and the Stock Exchange' (1993) and one on the National Lottery (1996). Among prominent individuals who have differed from the connexional standpoint are Lord Rank and Harold V. Mackintosh.