Newcastle carpenter, born in 1797 or 1798, who became a self-trained architect and builder. He was commissioned by the WM Alderman William Batson to build his Higham Place in 1819 and was responsible for much of the transformation of central Newcastle in the 1820s-30s, notably Eldon Square, Grey Street, Grainger Street and the covered market. He was a member of Brunswick WM chapel and is said to have taught in the Orphan House Sunday School. In 1835 he built the MNC's Newcastle chapel. In his later years he ran into serious debts, but these were offset by the value of the Grainger Estate.