WM and later MNC itinerant, born in Sunderland in June 1761. Though blind from his early childhood, he became a local preacher in his teens and entered the ministry. While stationed at Newcastle upon Tyne in the early 1790s he became minister of a private chapel at Byker where the sacrament was celebrated by himself and other preachers against the wishes of the more conservative WM circuit leaders. He threw in his lot with the MNC from the outset, was its first Conference secretary and President in 1799. He died at North Shields on 1 December 1815.