Born in Barnstaple on 13 July 1813, the son of a German Jew, he was a local preacher on the Dunster WM Circuit plan until he moved to London in 1843. He was a founder member and first President of the LPMAA and, despite becoming an IM minister in South London in 1854 (serving in England and the Channel Islands for 40 years), continued his interest in the LPMAA. He was the first editor of the Local Preachers' Magazine (1851-57) and a trustee of the local preachers' retirement home at Fillongley. He lived to attend the Association's Jubilee meeting in London in 1899, but the next year was taken ill and died on 13 June 1900, following the World Temperance Congress. He was buried in Highgate Cemetery.