MNC and UM minister, born at Dewsbury. After studying at Edinburgh University, he trained at Ranmoor College for the MNC ministry; then, from 1901 to 1903, took a further degree at Mansfield College, Oxford. From 1903 to 1913 he was a tutor at Ranmoor College, but with restructuring brought about by the merger in 1907 to form the UMC he lost his tutorship. Mistrusting himself in circuit work, he resigned in 1913 from the ministry to become the pastor of Broomhill Congregational Church, Glasgow. In 1920 he was invited to join the staff of the UM Victoria Park College, Manchester which had just started co-operating with the PM Hartley College; and for many year he also held the post of Lecturer in Christian Ethics in the Department of Theology, Manchester University. During this period he took a D.Litt at London University to add to his existing B.Sc. and M.A. At the Methodist Church Congress, 1929, he spoke on 'The Creative Ideal of Christian Fellowship' and amongst his published works were the Fernley-Hartley Lecture, 1935, on 'Jesus and the Moralists'. Among his books on ethics was Studies in Christian Love (1944). He was also an accomplished pianist. He died on 2 May 1952.