A leading and influential British artist, he was born on 9 July 1937 into a Methodist family in Bradford which worshipped at Eastbrook Hall. He entered the Royal College of Art in 1959, winning the Gold Medal for his year in 1962. He was part of the 'pop-art' movement of the 1960s. He moved to California in 1963, returning to England in 2004. In 1955 he designed the cover for the centenary history of Stoney Lane Methodist Church, Eccleshill, Bradford. His brother Paul Hockney, a member of Baildon Methodist church and a local preacher and Liberal Democrat, was Lord Mayor of Bradford in 1977-1978.