An early itinerant, born at Plessey, Northumberland, he was converted through hearing Methodist preaching. As an itinerant from 1767 he continued to serve faithfully until his death. Of quiet disposition and genial temper, he was one of Wesley's lesser-known preachers, being little involved in either the business of the Conferences or the theological arguments of the day. A devoted pastor throughout his circuit ministry, John Wesley described him as 'not the best, though not the worst, of our preachers'. In life and testimony and preaching he was a strong advocate of Christian perfection. He died on 14 August 1797.