He was born in Leeds on 16 July 1909, and educated at Nottingham High School. He took a degree in agricultural science before entering the WM ministry and studying at Wesley House, Cambridge. He gained a Cambridge BD for his study of the biblical theology of Irenaeus. After 21 years in English circuits, from 1955 to 1976 he was a lecturer in the Candler School of Theology, Emory University, Atlanta GA. He then enjoyed a long and productive retirement in Exeter, with his roots firmly embedded in both Methodism and the Anglican tradition. He attended Evensong daily in the cathedral. He was an authority on the theology of John and Charles Wesley, and wrote a number of books, including Notes on Wesley's 44 Sermons (1946), and the chapter on 'Our Discipline' in Volume 1 of History of the Methodist Church in Great Britain. He was a member of the Editorial Board of the Bicentennial Edition of John Wesley's Works and editor of the unit on the Explanatory Notes upon the New Testament. He died at Exeter on 20 September 2003.