WM minister, born at Ponsanooth, Cornwall. His biographer tells much of his early life in Cornwall, where he taught himself Latin, Greek and Hebrew. He volunteered for missionary work on the Gold Coast (now Ghana), where he laid foundations for Methodist work by training a native agency. He reduced three oral languages to writing, making the alphabet, dictionary, grammar, phrase books and translations of scripture. When his health forced him to return home, he was 42 years in circuit work, including chairmanships of the Edinburgh and Oxford Districts. He died at Stockport on 19 August 1908.