PM minister, was born atOtley on 30 December 1801, the son of a Silsden schoolmaster, he began preaching at 20 from the doorstep of his father's house. He had exceptional gifts as both preacher and administrator. He was sent to Edinburgh to sort out problems in that city and to London when difficulties arose there. In 1843 he became Connexional Editor and organized the removal of the PM Book Room from Bemersley to the Sutton Street premises which he had built in London. He established the General Missionary Committee, published the Consolidated Minutes (1850) and a new PM Hymn-book (1853). He died on 16 July 1874.