PM minister, born at Eston near Middlesbrough. He was one of the first intake of students at the Sunderland PM Institute. Beginning in Glasgow in 1869, his first ten years were spent in the Scottish PM missions. He gained MA and BD degrees from Glasgow University, one of the first PM ministers to graduate. After a successful urban ministry in the North and Midlands of England, from 1898 to 1903 he was Principal and also tutor in Hebrew at the PM Theological Institute, Hartley College in *Manchester. He was President of the Conference in 1906 and gave the Hartley Lecture in 1908 on The New Testament Portrait of Jesus. He died on 7 January 1933.