Born near Skipton in August 1793, he became a WM local preacher at the age of 19. With his friend John Flesher, he incurred disapproval for his open-air preaching; so joined up with the PMs and started a society at Silsden in 1821. He missioned Baildon, Keighley and Bradford, where flourishing PM churches were founded. He later became a bookseller in Bradford, and there left PM and either started or joined the Gospel Pilgrims, for reasons not known. After their union with the Independent Methodists in 1834 he served for some time as a part-time missionary. In the early 1840s he moved to Hull, where he rejoined the PMs after the Gospel Pilgrim church closed. He moved to Colne in 1854 and remained a PM until his death on 12 November 1860.