WMA and UMFC minister, born on 27 April 1820 in Sunderland. Becoming a local preacher when only 15, his early ministry was spent largely in the north before being appointed to a succession of connexional offices. Though he himself wrote very little, he served as Book Steward 1860-65 andEditor 1860-70. In his public speeches and in debate he was one of the most vociferous defenders of the UMFC principles of free representation and circuit independence. He was President of the 1862 Conference. He died on 31 August 1885.