Born on 11 December 1791 at Fullerby, near Horncastle, Lincs., he had no schooling, but early in life developed a thirst for books and was self-taught. He became a farm-labourer and was known as 'the Lincolnshire Thrasher'. As a preacher and class leader he was in popular demand. In 12 years he opened no fewer than 38 chapels and soon was travelling into neighbouring counties and even as far away as Cornwall and Wales. In 1844 he preached at Wesley's Chapel, London. He kept a diary and wrote many letters to his wife. He died at Tetford on 11 August 1864.