WM minister, born in Bolton on 31 March 1849 into a working-class family. He trained at Didsbury College. A powerful and persuasive preacher, he proved himself a conspicuously successful evangelist, especially through his rapport with the working class. The highlight of his strongly pastoral ministry was his three years (1886-89) at St John's Square, Clerkenwell, London, where he made many converts and reinvigorated a failing mission. He suffered for many years from a weak heart and died on 6 June 1902, soon after moving to the Scarborough Circuit.