PM layman, born on 25 October 1882 at Frosterley, Co. Durham. He began life as an office boy in Bishop Auckland and won an award to Durham University, where he took both an MA and a B.Litt with distinction and was President of the Union. After a brief spell of teaching, he became a prolific freelance journalist (e.g. as political commentator with the Yorkshire Post) and an accomplished publicist. His work for several government ministries earned him a CBE in 1918. He was a local preacher for over 60 years, was President of the Laymen's Missionary Movement, wrote several books and was closely associated with the British Weekly. He died in London on 12 December 1964 and his funeral service was held at Hinde Street church on 17 December.