Schoolmaster, born on 23 June 1908 in Newcastle upon Tyne. He obtained 1st class honours in French at Durham and a PhD from the University of Strasbourg for a thesis on St Alexis, on whom he published a life (1946; revised edn., 1968) and other works in French. As senior French master at the City of London School 1936-1942, he became a freeman of the City. While Head of the Johnston Boys' Grammar School, Durham East Anglian School for Girls, 1942-1951, he was appointed Officier d'Academie for his services to the French language. His 20 years as Head of Culford School, 1951-1971, saw improvements to the school premises and the amalgamation with the East Anglian School for Girls. He died on 27 December 1994.