Early itinerant, born in London of French Roman Catholic parents on 23 November 1740. He was drawn to Methodism by the preaching of John Wesley and other London Methodists. Living in Purfleet, he worked in the Ordnance Office and began to preach in nearby societies. The 1775 Leeds Conference made him a full-time preacher and he continued in that calling for 13 years. He suffered from a nervous complaint for most of his adult life and was given to bouts of depressive introspection. After becoming a Supernumerary, he lived his final years with intense leg pain, but his Methodist labours continued until his death in Bristol on 23 March 1794.