Pioneer missionary in Canada, born in Gainsborough. After three years in Montserrat, West Indies (1826-29) he transferred to New Brunswick, where he served for 18 years in urban churches. From 1847 to 1878 he was Superintendent, and later General Secretary, of the Canadian missions. He showed administrative ability and vision, launching a mission to Japan in 1873 despite the misgivings of colleagues. He was President of the Canada Conference 1851-58 and of the Toronto Conference in 1874. He died on 31 January 1888.