Mansfield College originated in 1836 with the founding of Spring Hill College, Birmingham for the training of Congregational ministers, which became Mansfield College on moving to Oxford in 1886, as the university’s first Nonconformist college. This had been made possible by the University Test Act of 1871, which removed the religious tests for nonconformists taking degrees at Cambridge, Durham and Oxford. Among the Methodists trained for the ministry there were N.G. Snaith and John H. Taylor (Primitive Methodists), C.K. Williams, E.W. Hirst (MNC and UM) and A. Victor Murray (PM and Vice President of the Methodist Conference).