Shoe manufacturer and politician, born at Hitchin, was the son of a wine cellar man, who began life as an errand boy and ended up as a business owner. An active member at Flottergate Primitive Methodist, Grimsby, he was a Local Preacherslocal preacher. In the Holland with Boston by-election in March 1929 he was elected as a Liberal and returned in the general election later in the year. In 1931 he joined the National Government under Ramsay Macdonald and subsequently stood as a National Liberal, and as such was returned in 1931 and 1935., being Junior Lord of the Treasury, 1931 to 1935. Knighted in 1936, he was killed in a car crash on 10 May 1937.