Primitive MethodistPrimitive Methodism local preacher Local Preachersand Labour politician, the son of a blacksmith, born 11 August 1855 at Sunderland. He began work at nine and three years later was apprenticed as a blacksmith at Dipton Colliery. Becoming active in the Durham Colliery Mechanics Association, eventually becoming its Secretary, served on the Co Durham Mining Federation, was President of the Durham Aged Mineworkers Home Association. In 1906 he was elected to represent Chester-le Street so continuing until 1919 when he resigned on health grounds. He was succeeded by Jack *Lawson, a Wesleyan. He died on 20 June 1934 at Dipton.