Primitive Methodist trade unionist and politician, born 1 April 1842. He was a founder member of the Derbyshire Miners' Union and a leading official, serving as Secretary from 1881 to 1913. In 1911 he was the President of the Trades Union Congress. Elected to Parliament as a Liberal for Chesterfield in 1906, he was returned at both general elections in 1910 for Labour. He died on 31 July 1913.