WM teacher, born on 12 October 1845 in London. Although his parents were Presbyterians, he was sent to a WM day school and was converted during a mission led by the Rev John Smith. He became a pupil-teacher at the school at 14, attained degrees in both Arts and Science at London University and trained at Westminster College. From 1876 to 1914 he was headmaster of Prince Alfred College, Adelaide and developed the school on English Public School principles, with strong emphases on both academic and sporting success, so that it became one of the leading schools in South Australia. He believed in a 'muscular Christianity', the authority of Scripture and the potential of past and present PAC scholars. In 1894 he experienced a spiritual uplift during a mission led by Thomas Cook. He was a member of the Council of the University of Adelaide, edited the Methodist Journal and was active in the development of the Adelaide YMCA and Our Boys Institute. He died at Norwood, Adelaide, on 29 February 1924.