WM industrialist and pioneer of women's ministry. The son of a Halifax grocer and stone merchant, he assisted his father as a quarry worker. He became book-keeper for a local textile firm and later formed a highly successful worsted spinning partnership with Abraham Hollingrake. An influential member andSunday School Superintendent of Rhodes Street WM chapel, Halifax, he became chapel secretary for the Halifax and Bradford District and a member of the connexional Home Mission Committee. A fervent supporter of the Holiness Movement, he assured the Conference in 1886 that it was the teaching of holiness that brought conversions every Sunday at his mission room in Halifax. In 1887, after hearing a Salvation Army girl's testimony, he established a female evangelists' home in Halifax as a branch of the Joyful News Mission.