WM minister, stationed in France in 1818. He spent the rest of his 40-year ministry in the French-speaking work, in a working pattern closely modelled on John Wesley's own itinerant ministry. His obituary judged that 'to trace his labours in France would be to write a history of Methodism in that empire.' He was sent to Palestine in 1824 to examine the feasibility of establishing work there, but this opening was not developed. Returning to France, in 1841 he oversaw progress in the south and an extension of the work to Lausanne, Switzerland,John Fletcher's birthplace. Until his death he presided over the affiliated French Conference set up in 1852. He died in Paris on 21 February 1858.