Welsh Nationalist, born on 16 February 1859 at Cefnddwysarn, near Bala. On leaving the Grammar School at Bala he was one of the first students at the University College of Wales at Aberystwyth, then took a degree in history at Oxford in 1884. He was elected MP for Merioneth in 1886 and was launched on a ploitical career as a champion of Nonconformist causes, land reform and Irish home rule, and as Liberal chief whip. He strongly supported the Welsh Education Act of 1889 and the formation of the University of Wales. His enthusiasm for and familiarity with Welsh art and literature led him to involvement in the moves to establish the National Library of Wales. His career was curtailed by poor health and he died while on holiday in Cannes on 5 April 1899.