Manx local preacher who established a radical newspaper, Mona's Herald, in 1833 to promote universal suffrage on the Isle of Man and to encourage nonconformity and temperance. He was one of the four representatives of the Island in negotiations with Westminster to advance political reform. He spent three spells of imprisonment in Castle Douglas for publishing material on the self-elected members of the House of Keys, but died three years before his vision of a freely-elected House was realised. He was also an active promoter of teetotalism and left WM for Primitive Methodism in protest against WM attitudes to drink. He founded the Isle of Man Temperance Guardian and Rechabite Journal. His son followed in his political footsteps and came near to imprisonment.