PM minister, born at Woodthorpe (Leics.?) on 19 August 1860. He was secretary of the 1909 PM Conference and served in London missions for much of his ministry. After a successful ministry in Stoke Newington from 1893, he was transferred to the London South East Mission in Southwark, 1902-1915 and to East London 1920-1929. From 1915 to 1920 he served as the PM Book Steward. He was a Freemason and wrote Freemasonry, its vision and call (1927) and The Lure of Freemasonry (1936). He died on 9 December 1944.