PM minister, born at Havant, who gave himself primarily to chaplaincy work among the Forces. He was trained at Hartley College. Following his appointment to the Aldershot Circuit in 1908, he vigorously reorganised the local chaplaincy work and also persuaded the military authorities to make Aldershot the centre of all PM work among soldiers. With the outbreak of war in 1914 he became the first PM minister to be commissioned, serving in France and Italy. He was awarded both the CBE and DSO and also a Military Cross and membership of the Order of the Crown of Italy. In 1917 he became Assistant Principal Chaplain, then Assistant Chaplain-General, Western Command (1926) and Deputy Chaplain-General at the War Office (1929) and honorary chaplain to the King. He campaigned successfully for the recognition of Free Churchmen in the Services and for the recognition of Free Church chaplains. He was twice called out of retirement to serve on the Royal Navy, Army and Royal Air Force Board and exercised a pastoral ministry among the families of chaplains reported missing, held as prisoners of war or killed in action. He died at Havant on 6 January 1966.