Itinerant preacher, born at Duffield, near Derby in December 1752. He travelled 44 years, though often in poor health, owing to youthful over-exertion during a Cornish revival. He was included by John Wesley in the Legal Hundred and was one of the three preachers whom Wesley ordained for Scotland in 1785. A further deed in 1790 appointed him one of Wesley's seven literary executors and he was President of the 1802 Conference. He was noted for his disciplined lifestyle and a frugality which impaired his health, but enabled him to give generously to the poor. He died in Derby on 22 June 1830.