A Bristol carpenter who was one of the original members of the society John Wesley formed there on 4 April 1739. Though still based in Bristol, he was for many years 'half-itinerant', undertaking extensive preaching tours. In 1744, during an early venture into Cornwall, he was arrested while preaching at Camborne and imprisoned at Bodmin. He also faced a hostile mob at Gwennap Pit. He was one of the first three lay preachers to assist John Wesley and was present at the 1746 Conference. His tombstone at Portland Chapel, Bristol described him as 'a Pattern of Christian Simplicity and humble Love'.