Teacher and politician,he was born on 11 May 1925 at Haslingden, Lancs. He was educated at Haslingden Grammar School, University College, Cardiff and Manchester University and received a PhD from the London School of Economics and Corpus Christi, Cambridge. His war service was in the Royal Navy. Following a career as teacher and headmaster in Rossendale, Stepney and Highbury Grove School, Islington, he was Conservative MP for Brent from 1974 to 1997 and from 1979 was Under-Secretary of State for Education and Science, ecoming known for his advocacy of corporal punishment. He was chairman of the National Council for Educational Standards and received a knighthood in 1987. He was a member of Park Lane Methodist Church, Wembley, and latterly of Pinner Methodist Churcn. He served on the Haslingden Borough Council 1957-1961 and on the Waltham Forest Borough Council 1968-1974. He died on 28 August 2012.