Methodist coal miner and politician, born on 23 August 1923, who studied at the Wigan and District Mining and Technical College. From 1959 to 1964 he was a Labour councillor for the Croxeth Ward, Liverpool; then until 1983 represented Liverpool, West Derby in the Commons. However, on being deselected in June 1981 he joined the Social Democratic Party, standing again, but unsuccessfully, in the 1983 general election. He was Chairman of the Falkland Island Association, thrice visiting the island both before and after the conflict. He died on 5 My 1997.