Born 25 March 1903. After an elementary education to the age of fourteen, he became a miner on the Durham Coalfield. He married Margaret Aspey in 1925. Active in the Labour Party, in 1945 he was elected MP for Durham, continuing until 1970. In 1962 he was appointed opposition Northern Area whip and then from 1964 to 1969 a government whip. A minister in Independent Methodism, he was Connexional President in 1971. He died on 7 September 1984.