Business owner and politician, born into wealthy family, his grandfather been an officer decorated in the Napoleonic Wars and his father, James, for a time lived in Australia. Aged twenty-four he entered the family building business. A life-long teetotaller, he was a member of Fore Street UMFC, Redruth. A Liberal in politics, he was chairman both of Redruth Urban District Council and Cornwall County Council. In 1918 he stood unsuccessfully for the Penryn and Falmouth Division. He was knighted in 1916 for his part in the recruitment campaign.