WM minister and missionary, born at Bethnal Green on 3 June 1876. He began his career as a teacher and after training at Richmond College spent 21 years in Mysore, India, where he became Principal of Hardwick College and edited the local newspaper. He compiled a grammar of the Karanese language and designed a hospital. Returning to England in 1923, he was for some years secretary of the Ministers' Missionary Union and was Conference Memorials Secretary for ten years, noted for his 'unfailing memory for precedent'. He collaborated with Edwin Finch on the Constitutional Practice and Discipline of the Methodist Church. He died at Rayleigh, Essex on 12 April 1966.