PM itinerant and missionary, born in Weardale on 31 December 1832. Converted at 14, having a widowed mother he served ten years as a local preacher before entering the itinerancy. After 17 years in home circuits, he served in South Africa (1879-83) and Australia (1883-89). He was Principal of the Manchester Theological Institute 1893-98 and President of the 1895 Conference. At the 1896 Conference he strongly supported John Day Thompson against the charge of heresy. He edited the PM Quarterly Review from 1906 and was actively involved in Christian Endeavour and the FCFC. He received a DD from Victoria University, Toronto. He died on 23 February 1913.